English Around the World

English Around the World    

Reference: Lesson 2 Senior English Book 1A page 10

English is spoken around the world.

There are more than 42 countries where the majority of people speak English. Native English speakers are found in Australia, America, United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Ireland and New Zealand.
More than 375 million people speak English in their mother tongue. An equal number of people learn English as their second language, These people speak their own language in their homes but use English as the language of Government, schools, newspapers and TV.
This situation is found in countries such as Nigeria, India, Pakistan and the Philippines.

The number of people who learn English as a foreign language is more than 750 million. Most people learn English or five or six years at High School.
In China, students learn English at school as a foreign language, except for Hong Kong, where many people speak English as a first or second language.

English is the working language of most International trade and Tourism. Businessmen and tourists often come to China without being able to speak Chinese. Chinese businessmen, taxi drivers and students speak to them using English.

English is also the language of Global Culture, such as popular Music and the Internet. You can listen to English songs or use English to communicate with people around the world through the Internet.

Because so many people are communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

1. Why is it becoming more important to have a good knowledge of English?
2. What countries do we find native English speakers?
3. When do you use English in China?

Match the Words
1 closet A a number of people or things that form more than half a group
2 explain              B information and understanding about a subject
3 majority C the same
4 mother tongue D a cupboard where you put clothes
5 equal E to make something clear or easy to understand by describing or giving information about it
6 communicate F native language
7 knowledge G the activity of buying, selling or exchanging goods or services
8 trade H to give information using speech, radio signals or body language


Speaking…Asking Questions
Ask the question and answer the question with a partner or group

1. Where can I sit?
2. Who is sitting behind you?
3. What is the weather like today?
4. Can you speak English well?
5. Why do we need to improve our English?
6. What is a Native Language and a Native speaker?
7. What countries have English native speakers?
8. What is China’s language?
9. How many languages can you speak?
10. What language do the people in India speak?

What is your English name?
What is your Chinese name?
What class are you in?
What is today’s date?


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